Everybody is dangerous. The only safe men are the dead and the prisoners.”
Iraqi schoolteacher Mustafa Ali Noman has spent his life avoiding Saddam Hussein’s military, the Baath Party, and controversy in general. Happily married and the father of a young son and daughter, he and his wife are, for the first time, in a position to build a house, and the house is close to completion. After leaving school for an hour to pay the final bill to the contractor, Noman returns to his class, but he is arrested by two Security officials as soon as he returns, taken to prison for interrogation and jailed. The officials will not believe that the name he gives them is really his name.
It is 1979, and Noman knows that “sooner or later, everyone is liable to run afoul of the regime or be mistaken for someone who has.” Though he is completely innocent, Noman spends the next year being moved from prison to prison, where he and those with him are tortured by some of the most painful methods ever devised. Children, women, and the elderly are also jailed and subjected to similar tortures, also including rape. As one of eighteen men in a cell measuring six by eight feet, Noman asserts that “despite the exhaustion, restraints, and reduction of my humanity to the banality of a mere number, I found myself in a space suffused with human warmth.” He knows those with him are also innocent, and he feels one with them.
Told in an almost journalistic style, author Mahmoud Saeed, who himself was arrested and jailed for a year in 1963 and rearrested five more times after that–up to 1980–uses his personal observations and his own feelings to pay witness to the horrors of Saddam Hussein’s regime. His concise and straightforward style allows the reader to develop an emotional connection with the characters on his/her own, and sets Saeed’s feelings, noticeable throughout, into sharp relief. By having Noman, a Basra resident, transferred from southern Iraq to prisons as far north as Irbil and Sulaymaniah, where five thousand Kurds suffered genocide, the author can show that the horrors and war crimes are widespread.
In some ways, reading this novel feels like reading Kafka, but the absurdities faced by Gregor Samsa and Josef K are frivolous compared to what Saddam Hossein forced upon his people. War crimes take on a whole new meaning as “Noman” becomes an Everyman, his unjust sufferings common under Saddam’s rule. Mary Whipple
Saddam City is an exciting and dramatic story depicting struggle of Iraqy people against Saddam Hussein’s regime. It’s a must read for everyone interested in the Middle East history.
I could not put this book down! It is a beautifully crafted view of the world of Iraq. I recommend it highly!!!
an extraordinary book
This is an extraordinary account of brutality, the banality of human evil, and at the same time–and this is perhaps what makes the book so extraordinary–tender humanity, discovery of fellow spirit in the most unlikely of circumstances. At times difficult to read, it is nevertheless “a great read”–filled with characters and fascinating details of language and culture. And through it all, we are transported by the narrator’s rock-steady voice–terrified, ailing, grasping unsuccessfully to comprehend what is happening to him. This little work delivers large rewards.
Even though this book was started almost 30 years ago, it remains relevant and important today. This book is a must read especially for the western world, where too often the media misrepresents the situation of the Middle East. Beautiful and heartbreaking.